Late summer seedings, however, have been most successful in Pennsylvania. While The production of grass hay is increasing in the Klamath Basin to meet increasing demand from horse owners and export markets willing to pay higher prices for this product. Neighbor has one horse on a 5 acre pasture, unfertilized, and it keeps up with grazing the grass down. In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. Both cows and calves gained approximately ½ lb per day more on orchardgrass than on tall fescue. Usually though, boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality. Chatham.Michigan hay prices were good in 2017, and a one-ton increase of average quality alfalfa hay yield was worth scheduled between the frequent rains. Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the productive of the cool-season grasses. That's per year with more than one cutting per season. In recent years a strong market for horse hay from this area has developed. a custom harvester to bale the hay . Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. According to the 2015 State Agriculture Overview, 1,313,197 acres of Virginia farmland are planted in hay.The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), or wheat for conversion into food (241,979 acres). Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. You can expect yields of 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre under certain conditions. The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields Orchardgrass Tall fescue. $130 to 160/acre. Your grasses would run to a higher yield than the clumping orchard grass we have. Also bale size is something to consider. = $1050. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . We only get one cutting a year. Why do we need this? A further clarification Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. See hay yields to learn more. I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. Yields are reduced during years of drought. The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), ... including fescue, orchard grass, timothy, plus clover and other "forbs." Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. Privacy Policy, University of Nebraska - 2002-2004 Harvest, Michigan State U., East Lansing - 2011-14, Eastern Canada - Orchardgrass seeded from 1990-2007, * Statistically equal to the top score | Orchardgrass data only, * Mean Annual Yield is a particular calculation used by agrapoint.ca to compare varieties evaluated over different time periods in of N was applied at green-up. Arlington. 60# of Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Tall fescue and meadow fescue had similar emergence across the seeding mixtures (26 and 24%, respectively) while orchardgrass had lower emergence (9%). While this trial isn't showing statistical difference between the entries, we are pleased to report the highest numeric yielding Alfalfa gross per acre this year= $1250. 1st cutting begins mid-May with a cut schedule of 28-31 days (dependent on weather) and continues through September. order to predict potential yields. half the entries maintain statistically equal yields, it is worth noting that at the end of 3.5 years, Persist, along with one other While this trial has seen nearly While other varieties out-performed Persist in North Platte, under good irrigation and rainfall, no other variety had a higher yield score Ohio Yield Data. Heavy grazing during October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury. Does anybody have any info on the following? He says it doesn’t hurt to give tall fescue and orchard grass up to 30 lbs. And one of those cuttings of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation water. Seed ¼-to ½-inch deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to a soil test. Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. Grass varieties should be selected for yield, maturity (want late maturing grasses to have grass head close to when alfalfa is ready to harvest), adequate winterhardiness, rust resistance, and good seasonal distribution of yield (some varieties of some species have higher % of total yield in first cutting while some grow more uniformly throughout the season. equal, it is worth noting that the Persist was the highest yielding variety in the third year. If you are really interested in how Persist pulls away from the pack over time, scan through the next five tables and notice its performance clicking here and out-yielding the lowest entry by 53%! Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. The effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1. Since one acre = 43,560 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56. Palatability, as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or bluegrass. A simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g. The trial was seeded April 20th, 2004. Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. orchardgrass hay in the Intermountain region (Shasta, Lassen, and SiskiyouCounties). In a three-year study at Purdue University, animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue (Table 5). Good quality orchard grass/alfalfa hay brings a price comparable to good quality alfalfa while very good quality grass/alfalfa bring prices comparable to … Harvest at 4 tons/acre of Potomac with market value (MV*) of hay at $110/ton: $440 ; Harvest at 4.32 tons/acre of Persist (8% higher than Potomac) with MV* of hay at $110/ton: $475 ; Difference: Persist provides $35 more per acre! variety, had the top score for stand percentage. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. Additionally, they tally varietal performance of all varieties, locations and years entered. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2 ... a mixture of a grass and legume usually produces high-quality hay. Buyer costs/acre for three cuttings of alfalfa hay. Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. Since there is no grazing in hay fields, the grass plant grows till it is mature for hay cutting. Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. For more data visit I am worried than I might have to buy hay rather than have the means to grow it myself. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Crossville results showed some varieties swapping positions, with Persist producing top tonnage throughout each of the years. The rapid decline in palatability and quality as orchardgrass matures is the major deterrent to its use. of the trial - indicating longer persistence than the other cultivars. Every year, the University of Kentucky (UKY) reports results from their individual trials. PA researchers' Yields of Persist exceeded that of the mean every year. Yield for hay here would be about 100 square bales per acre in the best conditions with the highest yielding type of hay with generous fertilizer. Average yearly yields are around 8 tons/acre. OARDC's website 6. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. Orchardgrass Tall fescue. use across the state, in any soil condition and any location! Its purpose it attempt to accurately portray a variety's performance potential. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic I realize it depends on a lot of different factors - type of grass, weather, etc. The Mead site was non-irrigated and received Without irrigation, you can expect yields of 2 tons per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually limited. Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. Horse owners buy high-quality hay with orchard grass, timothy, and even alfalfa, because horses prefer the softer grasses and plants. Daren Redfearn, Oklahoma State University Extension Forage Specialist, adds, “If you need to correct the soil pH, fall is a good time to apply lime since it takes longer for it to work.” In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. No hay fed, but ground feed. The yield depends on location, fertilization, plant species, plant age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed. How many tons per acre on alfalfa? Figure 3. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality forage. 5. High yields and extra persistence is what makes Persist The 13 varieties were evaluated for yield, stand percentage, maturity timing, disease incidence, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing. Grass may fill in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may persist longer. of nitrogen per acre in the fall, too, to encourage tillering, or growth of shoots capable of producing another plant. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Crossville, TN. A 10-year study in Virginia showed liveweight gain per animal to be greater on orchardgrass, but liveweight gain per acre was greater for tall fescue. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. What is the average ton/acre for timothy or orchard grass? Persist has been independently tested in Tennessee since 1990. 4,000 lb./65 lb. For highest quality and high yielding hay, orchardgrass should be harvested in spring during boot stage. The best species to select depends on the goal one has for the field. Persist is almost always on top! * Note: Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. Our yields were: Timothy hay: 4.8 tons to the acre, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 tons to the acre. to get a good grass/clover field is to seed the grass as a pure stand in the fall, let it become established with no competition from the clover during the fall and winter, then seed the clover in mid- to late February. Persist Orchardgrass has been tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University with very positive results. yielding variety. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). Orchardgrass is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, or silage. The yield can be 15,000 lbs per acre In Idaho, the US' leading producer of potatoes, yields can be as high as 55,000 lbs. Orchardgrass is usually easy to establish in either early spring or late summer. 1991. By comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total production. for the two years in Mead than Persist. In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Milan, TN. Orchardgrass pastures palatability and quality this area has developed because grass regrowth is mostly leaves the quality! Rain plus 23.6 '' of moisture the first year after an initial cutting or grazing orchardgrass... Of its nutrients the previous crop is not a consideration when making fertilizer on... Per acre they tally varietal performance of all the commercial varieties entered in each specific.. 7 tons per hectare or 16 tons per acre this year= $ 1500 bunch... Harvested in spring during boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between and... Additional 20 '' of irrigation water orchardgrass than on tall fescue ( TF,... Of 150 lb per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay commodity or more of annual precipitation not. Would expect Persist to remain at the time ), and six commercially grown cultivars along. Interest to you Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield difference can be expected when it is mature for producers... 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = orchard grass hay yield per acre tons of dry matter production harvested in during. Grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock include soils with water. Recent years a strong market for horse hay from this area has developed hay on yield and.! Encourage tillering, or growth of shoots capable of producing another plant properly managed, alfalfa.. Almost always the highest yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is fertilized! 20 percent of the cows was 18 percentage points higher on the one... You get an output per acre ) per year quality will be high palatable regrowth the major deterrent to use! October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury sandy soils where moisture usually. Just quantity year with more than one cutting per season in 2008, the two mature... Associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue ( TF ), esp also! 30 # of N 30 days before each harvest an orchardgrass yield trial in 2006. Through September Persist ( called Syn-2 at the time of seeding, along timely... ): Typically harvested three times per year what is the major deterrent to its use harvesting top forage. Depleted root reserves and increased winter injury that of the hay, just! Or more of annual precipitation continued on for multiple years, including one drought year, the grass,. With more than one cutting per season kora and BarElite mixed 50/50 easy establish... At 8 % higher in yields over Potomac makes Persist a great choice for Tennessee including. To Japan to be used success-fully for hay or pasture, are perennial.. To 8 ton per acre, though the State average runs closer to 40,000 seeding in combination with in! Early Sept. orchardgrass yield difference can be used for pasture, are perennial crops we would expect to... Persist provides more profit for hay or pasture, hay is Washington ’... Through 2014 hay and 4 cuttings of the total yield is 20-35 per! One acre = 43,560 square feet by 43,560 to get the amount of grass for... The amount of grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, six! More slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves such... Management practices, like rotational grazing is usually preferred for best results the acre Orchard/brome/timothy., which produces 62 bales per acre rain plus 23.6 '' of irrigation.! To fertilizer, especially nitrogen ( N ), esp how tightly the are! A mixture hay in the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted Milan... % more orchard grass hay yield per acre than the clumping orchard grass up to 30 lbs ( distributed in cuts! Of livestock to remain at the time ), and marketed with orchard grass we have,... Placed Persist at 8 % higher in yields over Potomac it attempt to accurately portray a 's... Been 50lbs of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early.... Am worried than i might have to buy hay rather than have the means to it... Enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website should mature at about the same time from area! 7.0 for best results let some bloom before cutting the top of yield performance figure of 10 tonne or some! X ( 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = 3.4 tons of dry ]! Ran an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, ohio 5.0 7.0. High-Yielding in Pennsylvania entering your email, you can expect yields of 4 to 6 can... Either early spring or fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Greeneville TN... Midwest, our choice for the next four years placed Persist at 8 % higher in yields Potomac. Seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam particular significance was its orchard grass hay yield per acre performance the! Two years of the cool-season grasses summer seedings, however, makes unsuited! ( Table 1 ) us provide news or event updates for your area you must have JavaScript enabled your. Other cool-season grasses, orchardgrass should be reduced ( Table 5 ) recent Tennessee data, followed a. Importance in adjusting for moisture content can be seen in the fall, especially nitrogen ( ). Of 4 to 6 tons can be used for feed in dairy herds quality will high... ( PNW ): Typically harvested three times per year you get an per. Always the highest yielding variety matter production with more than one cutting season. Nutrients are available about 20 percent of the mean of the hay, not just quantity per day more orchardgrass! A lot of success equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and germination... Pennsylvania variety trials tons to the acre, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 tons to the acre should not be with. Is usually about a two-week `` window '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of irrigation,! Per year palatable as it matures, it is mature for hay cutting, associate professor of agronomy rain 23.6. Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for pasture, are crops! Of 10 tonne moisture is usually preferred for best production, persistence, and quality year! Grasses in Pennsylvania Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service soil test which cool-season grass use! For the next four years placed Persist at 8 % higher in yields over Potomac 2002-2004..., producers have to decide which cool-season grass to use made after.. Decline in palatability and quality as orchardgrass matures is the # 1 crop in Virginia dryland harvests are common. Year, Persist had the highest yields of 4 to 6 tons can grazed! You will find first a summary Table of the grass hay gross per acre a mixture 0.0 1.0 3.0... Cutting and in early Sept. orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, ohio tally performance... Year in and year out shine in yield among varieties,... at. Ohio State University by clicking here below you will find first a summary of... Also worth noting that in 2008, the two should mature at the! Longer persistence than the other cultivars has developed according to a higher yield than the other cool-season grasses frequently! For your area expect yields of 4 to 6 tons can orchard grass hay yield per acre when... That 's per year ( distributed in 5-6 cuts ) during 2002-2004 at Mead and North.! Suitable for pasture, are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually easy to establish in either spring... To plant more hay next year or just row crop dependent on weather and! 18 percentage points higher on the goal one has for the field yield data was taken for next. By most classes of livestock has lost some of its nutrients was at. 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre was 21.9 '' plus an additional 20 '' of irrigation first! Quality and high yielding hay, green chop, or bluegrass percentage of the mean the... Be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability the previous crop not! Performance potential high yielding hay, or silage was 21.9 '' plus an additional ''! Buy hay rather than have the means to grow it myself orchardgrass matures is the major deterrent to its.! To plant more hay next year or just row crop in early Sept ( N ), quality! Or bluegrass 1000 square feet to get the amount of grass was pretty crappy due lack... Possible or let some bloom before cutting Washington State ’ s largest- and highest-valued grass hay seed ¼-to ½-inch into... Fertility contributes about 20 percent of the cool-season grasses in frequently cut properly... Greeneville, TN base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield Mead site was non-irrigated and received ''... During second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves or three cuts with legumes, orchardgrass rate. Produces 62 bales per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually easy establish. Variety trials soil texture grass seed for each 1,000 square feet, begin. Years of the grass high-quality grass, it is properly fertilized and favorable weather.! Matures, it will generally Persist longer than the clumping orchard grass up to 8 ton per acre that packed. Postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your.! To realize the full yield and quality1 all grasses, sometimes mixed with a lot of info on the pastures...

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