This mammal is mainly aquatic and will mostly be found residing next to perennial or seasonal rivers. Within these seas, they are usually found in the vicinity of the shore (which is typically rocky). Hunting for the Eurasian otter is a specialized task that calls for the use of their highly sensitive whiskers. Interestingly, these great hunters can also dive into the water to find and ambush their prey. Sea otters eat up to 35 percent of their body weight each day to maintain the energy they need to stay warm in the chilly waters off the California coast. As suggested by its name, the African clawless otter is found in abundance in Africa. They often eat sea urchins, mollusks, crabs, some kinds of fish, mussels, chitons, scallops, sea ears and stars. Cite this article as: "What Do Otters Eat?," in. Sea otters can sense prey using their whiskers. Sea otters have an ingenious method to open shellfish. All Rights Reserved. They have also been known to eat aquatic plants and to prey on other small mammals, such as muskrats or rabbits.They have a very high metabolism, so they need to eat frequently. The giant river otters have also been noted to feed on small anacondas and caimans. â … If opportunity presents itself, an otter will eat a … The activity of otters varies depending on different factors. These dietary preferences may also make certain otters susceptible to disease. These furry marine mammals are one of only a few marine animals known to use tools to obtain their food. [16] Adults weigh up to 99 pounds and are the weasel family’s heaviest animals, but strangely the smallest of all marine mammals. How often otters eat varies as long as they meet their average daily energy need. This simply makes it safer for them to get food and give birth (sea otters are the only type of otter that deliver their babies in the water). They have a unique foraging habit because they use rocks to kill their prey. This means that the majority of their diet is made up of fish. 68 Different Types of Doctors & What They Do? 1 Basic Info 1.1 Dossier 1.2 Behavior 1.3 Appearance 1.4 Color Scheme and Regions 1.5 Drops 1.6 Base Stats and Growth 1.6.1 Wild Stats Level-up 2 Combat 2.1 General 2.2 Strategy 2.3 Dangers 2.4 Weakness 3 Taming 4 Utility 4.1 Roles 4.2 Collectibles 5 Spotlight 6 Notes 7 Changelog 8 Gallery 9 … ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. However, most wild otters are carnivorous, with the sea otter being a tiny exception since it does include seaweed and kelp in its diet. Otters occasionally take water birds such as coots, moorhens and … Fish, frogs, aquatic insects, small mammals, birds, reptiles, and crabs. Sea otters live in the Pacific Ocean and are found in Russia, Alaska, Washington state and California. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. Otters (both sea and river otters) play a notable role in the animal food chain. In fact, sea otters eating is what they're best known for—besides being extremely cute. As prey, otters provide a great source of nutrients to animals that hunt them for food. Otters are carnivores, which means they eat meat. For instance, the river otters consume anything between. Humans have also been noted to hunt otters. Also, Giant river otters will occasionally attack a caiman wandering into their territory. The giant river otters are excellent predators. Facts about otters : Wow in the World Why are Mindy and Guy Raz preparing to eat 15 pounds of food? When they are hungry for larger game, otters will attack birds, young beavers, and muskrats. Otters weigh 35-90 pounds (males weigh more than females). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Otters are mammals classified under the family Mustelidae. They have a unique foraging habit because they use rocks to kill their prey. These mammals have whiskers, which they use to spot their prey by detecting vibrations in the water. They nest on land, tending to build underground tunnels to move between the two. All in all, the sea otter preys on at least 100 different marine species. Food preferences vary among individuals. The river otter food chain consists mostly of fish. So, a 50-pound otter would need to eat about 10-15 pounds of food per day. For example, it can easily catch 8-10 kilogram pike. Diet. The most common fish consumed are perch, suckers, and catfish. Sea bream, horse mackerel, sardines, flounder, scallops, greater amberjack, and red bream were ready to eat sashimi. Otters eat from 15% to 25% of their body weight each day. Otters are carnivores, and will eat a … All otters are expert hunters that eat fish, crustaceans, and other critters. River otters mainly eat fish but they will consume frogs, crustaceans, reptiles and small mammals if the opportunity arises. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Neritic Zone: Definition, Animal Life, and Characteristics, 5 Environmental Consequences of Oil Spills, Echinoderms: Starfish, Sand Dollars, and Sea Urchins, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. River otters are apex predators in their food web. Once this otter identifies its potential victim, it captures it using its front feet and then brings it to the surface. Of course, gators can also eat otters… From urchin to … By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. They do eat a lot of amphibians and fish, but they'll also take out sizeable beavers, raccoons, plus snapping turtles, snakes, and small gators. Although sea otters used to be found in more southern parts of North America, they were almost completely wiped out, so there isn’t much there anymore. However, they also eat shellfish like crayfish and crabs. Common Rare Untameable Cave The Otter is one of the Creatures in ARK: Survival Evolved. The giant river otters have also been noted to feed on small anacondas and caimans. This suggests that otters are able to temporally exploit marginal areas and feeding on other locally abundant prey (Lizana and Pérez Mellado, 1990, Weber, 2008). It should be noted that the bodies of water than sea otters live near are generally less than 40 meters deep. Some other common items that they will eat include invertebrates, birds, and small sized animals. River otters' main source of food is fish, but otters are opportunists by nature and will eat a wide variety of foods. Coastal otters in Shetland eat bottom-living species such as eelpout, rockling and butterfish. Sea otters eat a wide range of marine animals, including mussels, clams, urchins, abalone, crabs, snails and about 40 other marine species, equaling approximately 25 percent of their weight in food each day, according to Defenders of Wildlife. The African clawless otters are crepuscular, meaning they can be found active and foraging during dusk and dawn hours. Most often he preys on large fish. Therefore, sea otters need to eat daily and eat 20 to 25% of food from their own weight. Of course, gators can also eat otters… They will probably be wrapped in kelp beds. Sometimes its catch is quite impressive. Why do orcas eat sea otters? There are deep-diving otters that eat benthic organisms such as urchins, crabs, and abalone, medium-diving otters that forage for clams and worms and others that feed at the surface on organisms such as snails. Thus, the sea otter is one of the very few mammals to make an effective use of tools (t… The primary source of food for the Otter is fish. The absence of otters in their ecosystems would jeopardize the integrity of the watershed food webs and food chain. A Sea Otter's Diet. [15] Otter populations are affected by the density of prey they hunt. They can use a rock to dislodge mollusks and urchins from the rocks where they are attached. When out looking for otters, please follow to this safety advice: Try to work in pairs Only enter the water if it’s safe to do so Avoid rivers in full flood or fast-flowing sections Beware of loose banks and slip hazards Do not drink the water The Eurasian otters have mastered the skill of holding their breath for a few seconds while underwater. But you can bank on the fact that there is an otter somewhere in a river near … They’re renowned for preying on hard-shelled marine invertebrates, including abalones, sea urchins, clams, mussels and crabs, usually fracturing the shells with their teeth. The otter diet consists mainly of fish and crawfish, but they also consume toads, frogs, reptiles, and even small mammals. They aren’t picky eaters though as they will consume just about anything they can find to survive on. Sea otters eat a wide variety of prey, including marine invertebrates such as echinoderms (sea stars and sea urchins), crustaceans (e.g., crabs), cephalopods (e.g., squid), bivalves (clams, mussels, abalone), gastropods (snails), and chitons. They enjoy carp, sunfish, minnows, suckers, sculpin and salmonids such as trout and salmon. What Are The Building Blocks of Proteins? During the spring months amphibians form a large part of their diet. What do otters eat? European otters have their most active time at dusk and at night. All in all, the sea otter preys on at least 100 different marine species. Otters are often elusive, with large ranges and nocturnal behaviour making spotting them a rare and wonderful experience. But do not disdain the otter and small fry. This section will sample out some of the different types of otters. The primary diet of sea otters consists of aquatic invertebrates including crustaceans, sea urchins, mollusks and fish. Besides, they also prefer to eat crabs, large barnacles, mussels, snails, tubeworms, clams, squid, octopuses, chitons, scallops, sea cucumbers, sea stars and abalone. The hunting strategy this otter uses is by submerging their heads in water to search for prey. They also eat small mammals and birds. Reptiles : Similarities and Differences, https://www.bioexplorer.net/what-do-otters-eat.html/, Plasma Membrane Functions, Composition, & Structures. The main diet of the otter is made up of fish and crustaceans. What do otters eat? Many people do not consider these cute creatures to be pests, but if you live near a water source that has a family of otters in it, you may feel differently. River otters also prefer slower-moving fish to game fish. 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