Techniques you can use for solving problems. Think more clearly logically and creative, We fool ourselves with optimism- “that must work for me.”. Ways to make good decisions when more people (not just you) are involved. The art of thinking Clearly by Rolf Dobelli is a window into human psychology and reasoning; how we: This book helps you notice and recognize erroneous thinking and make better choices and decisions, change unwanted behaviors and habits. Ask questions and gain a better understanding. 43,936 ratings — 6,350 ratings — This book will show you a ton of practical skills for assessing arguments, recognizing logical fallacies, and applying the scientific method. Critical thinking skills are a vital part of your academic life – when reading, when writing and when working with other students. Read Post - https://successtoro.com/best-books-on-critical-thinking/ This book can be for you an eye-opener into critical thinking, accepting who you are as you are, and improving the way you choose and make decisions. It will change the way you think about yourself and life in general because you have in this book 99 short chapters with examples of the most common errors of judgment and how to rectify them. The sixth mistake is to believe (trust) faulty memories. published 1986, avg rating 3.93 — Critical Thinking Skills has taken the seemingly baffling art of analysis and broken it down into easy to understand blocks, with clear explanations, good examples, and plenty of activities to develop understanding at each stage. 435 ratings — Why do you do such a thing?”, “Truth has nothing to do with the conclusion, and everything to do with the methodology.”, avg rating 4.16 — Although written in the 1990s, this bestseller book is still relevant in today’s society. published 2008, avg rating 4.01 — Error rating book. 7,461 ratings — 1. Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman Thinking fast and slow is a New York Times bestseller and has achieved several awards including the national academy of sciences best book award 2012, A Globe and Mail Best Books of the Year 2011 Title, and many others. The examples in this book are realistic and useful, ranging from deductive to oral arguments, from argumentative essays to arguments by analogy. (and even simple things like) choosing the colors for your home office. published 2014, avg rating 3.83 — When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. 2,901 ratings — While other books focus on more ambiguous aspects of critical thinking, Stella Cottrell leans heavily on the way that effective critical thinking is measured and how you can reflect on your own process to fine-tune … The different thought processes of critical thinking. This varied and purposely broad collection includes resources for teaching critical thinking, from books and videos to graphics and models, rubrics, and taxonomies to presentations and debate communities. You’ll discover in it: Wisdom comes from observation, learning, practice, and asking the right questions. Amazon Fresh; Department. Refresh and try again. published 2015, avg rating 4.04 — Think Smarter: Critical Thinking to Improve Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Skills – Michael Kallet, 4. When you decide you want to study the field of logic more closely and improve your critical thinking, this book might be exactly what you need. 23,563 ratings — 1,419 ratings — Second, become an independent thinker (learn to think for yourself); take ownership of your values, beliefs, judgments, and decisions. Using examples from history, politics, and his own personal life, James e Ryan shows you the importance of knowing how to: The book starts with the five fundamental questions: Knowing how to formulate, address, and deliver the right questions doesn’t leave room for misunderstandings, misinterpretations; asking the wrong questions will most probably give you a wrong answer. How will your life be better mastering critical thinking. 38,199 ratings — 530 ratings — As if is not enough all the information you store in your mind from what you personally experience every day, our modern times forcefully adds to that information a lot of junk. 60,117 ratings — This book is for you if you want to improve the flexibility of your thinking, accept challenges more comfortable, feel more in control of your decisions and choices. 2,430 ratings — This book is a guide on how to train your brain to work even more for you. The fourth mistake is believing that what you see it’s always the reality. You’ll be better prepared to make decisions and choices based more on facts rather than subjective personal opinions. 20,428 ratings — You’ll also receive a full rubric framework for assessing critical thinking skills and … 75 ratings — The book “The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload” by Daniel J. Levitin will help you sort out and organized your thoughts with the help of the four components in the human attentional system: The book is showing you how you can improve your critical thinking and make better decisions concerning many areas of your life. published 2012, avg rating 3.82 — published 2011, avg rating 4.19 — 22,532 ratings — As the title says, this book introduces you to the art of critical thinking. published 2018, avg rating 3.96 — 14,433 ratings — Get inspired to become a critical thinker in no time! As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. The fifth mistake is to oversimplify things. published 1981, avg rating 4.27 — This book teaches and develops the math concepts and critical thinking skills necessary for success in Algebra I and future mathematics courses at the high school level. 235,699 ratings — If you want a clear, actionable step by step program to: Learn how to discover the real issues that need a solution, so you don’t waste your time in trying to solve imaginary problems. In each chapter of this book you will find a variety of skills that will help you improve your thinking and argumentative ability. published 2005, avg rating 4.15 — 4,174 ratings — The human mind is rarely objective. And yet you choose to fixate your eyes on the small fly which has landed on it! Depending on whose side they are? 2,310 ratings — In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Jonathan Haber explains how the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught and assessed.Haber describes the term's origins in such disciplines as philosophy, psychology, and science. Being Logical: A Guide to Good Thinking – D.Q. published 2008, avg rating 3.91 — published 2014, avg rating 3.77 — From this book, by Daniel Levitin, you’ll learn how to think critically and avoid being manipulated by things like misleading statistics and graphics, extreme view, or fake news. Take a look, and let us know in the comments which you found the most–or least–useful. The first mistake is being mesmerized by stories and ignoring the facts or statistics. published 2007, avg rating 4.44 — Mastering critical thinking is essential, especially in our modern times, because you must: Critical thinking is a skill that you must learn; you’re not born with it. You know how in a criminal trial they call two experts that have divergent opinions on the same facts? The aim of improving your skill of critical thinking isn’t just to be able to reason and give logical arguments about a subject skillfully; your goal is to get to the right answer, to make the right decisions and choices for yourself and others. In Teaching Critical Thinking, renowned cultural critic and progressive educator bell hooks addresses some of the most compelling issues facing teachers in and out of the classroom today.. published, avg rating 3.75 — Knowing how to ask the right questions is determining your success about many things in your life: Warren Berger shows you in this book examples of people who are successful (partially) because they are experts in asking questions and don’t have preconceived ideas about what the answers should be. A Rulebook for Arguments – Anthony Weston, 10. It covers all the basics of critical thinking, using real-world examples and a proven step-by-step approach. The colors are like no other, they swim and leap, they trickle and embellish! This book is interactive and provokes you to think about some of the strategies that don’t bring you the results you want. The third mistake is to discount the role that chance and coincidence play in our life. Sagan felt that reason and logic could make the world a better place. Critical thinking can’t be created in a cluttered mind. The book is packed with practical exercises, fascinating illustrations, games, and puzzles to improve your mental capabilities. This book teaches you to see the truth. 109,193 ratings — In this chapter we will look at some aspects of critical thinking in the age of globalization, the misconceptions about critical thinking and a host of other factors. Wait, What? 1,459 ratings — The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload – Daniel J. Levitin, 12. Critical thinking is clear, rational, logical, and independent thinking. Read 11 282 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. And stay focused on the important things in life. published 2016, avg rating 4.13 — In this book, Karl Albrecht shows you how to: Karl Albrecht talks in this book about the six functional abilities you need to have and become more adaptable and an innovative thinker. 87,401 ratings — “Predictably Irrational, The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions” is a book packed with examples of how: The author presents you, in this book, a large number of mental traps and flawed tendencies which can make your life harder. 36,292 ratings — 104,331 ratings — : And Life’s Other Essential Questions) will make you feel (more) courageous; after all, asking questions thanks courage. It means to start from your emotions and together, (emotions and logic) to take better decisions and see more clearly your choices to move forward in life. Free UK Delivery by Amazon . This book emphasizes the value of effective thinking, how it can be mastered, and how to integrate it into everyday life. The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools (Thinker's Guide Library) It’s like trying to prepare a gourmet meal for your loved ones in a cramped and dysfunctional kitchen. published 2012, avg rating 4.07 — A More Beautiful Question: The Power of Inquiry to Spark Breakthrough Ideas – Warren Berger, 9. It also means thinking in a self-regulated and self-corrective manner. Instructor Resources. If you’re new to academia, the book prepares you for the challenges of evaluating established theories and forming cohesive, convincing and sound arguments of your own. published 2018, avg rating 4.10 — Part involves being able to separate facts from opinions. FREE Delivery on orders over £10 for books or over £20 for other categories shipped by Amazon. To make your journey a little easier, we’ve gathered the best critical thinking books so you can learn from the masters. Over 400 questions included, counting the chapter review questions. Reading, Writing, Math, Science, Social Studies . Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning & Your Life - 3rd Edition ... Like its parent text, Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning and Your Life, Second Edition, this book focuses on an integrated,... More Info » $65.00 . Don’t Believe Everything You Think: The 6 Basic Mistakes We Make in Thinking – Thomas E. Kida, 13. 49,235 ratings — Critical Thinking A student ' s Introduction Bassham I Irwin Nardone I Wallace fourth EDItION This clear, learner-friendly text helps today’s students bridge the gap between everyday culture and critical thinking. Critical thinking is a series learned skills. First, improve the quality of your decisions and judgments, and reevaluate your beliefs objectively. 10 Best Books On Critical Thinking 1. [2] John Butterworth and Geoff Thwaites: Thinking Skills. [3] Alec Fisher: Critical Thinking: An Introduction. Evaluating numbers – how to read statistics and data to find out what lurks underneath and make a more objective analysis, Evaluating words – how to assess the information you receive from experts, understanding the difference between incidence and prevalence, risk perceptions, and probabilistic thinking, Evaluating the world – how to interpret scientific methods for different types of reasoning (induction, deduction, abduction). With both intelligence and compassion, Carl Sagan lays out the importance of education, logic, and science. If you wish to think more clearly, make better decisions and choices, reevaluate your biases, and feel better about yourself, this book is for you. A better understanding of complex problems and concepts. Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. 171 ratings — Creativity and critical thinking are key skills for complex, globalised and increasingly digitalised economies and societies. This post reviews the following textbooks on critical thinking: [1] Tracy Bowell and Gary Kemp: Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide. Did you know you have a strategy for everything you do? 63,736 ratings — 17,909 ratings — Thinking Fast and Slow book. published 1984, avg rating 3.84 — Use Skill Words in Your Job Interview: Discuss a time when you were faced with a challenge at work and … And how to put them in practice, then this book is for you. From choosing a career to dealing with difficult people? It’s thinking on purpose! The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark Paperback – Carl Sagan, Ann Druyan, 16. Instead, in his book “How We Think”, he argued for the importance of what he called "reflective thinking". Critical thinking is a fabulous introduction to logic for my middle school homeschooler. The author (Michael Kallet) is a critical thinking trainer and coach and gives you a practical set of tools and techniques for critical thinking in your day-to-day life and business. Not because it offers groundbreaking insights, but because it makes you stop and think, in a world whose pace is ever-increasing. This book contains invaluable instructions on logic and reason using critical thinking, without being dull or difficult to understand. published 2012, avg rating 3.96 — Considering you have a strategy for everything you do, it’s only logical the try to improve every day the way you develop your strategies and don’t leave it to chance, habit, or convenience. Think and come to the right conclusion fast; Solve (mostly alone) your problems and issues; Weigh carefully facts and information you receive from the dozens of sources you have at your disposal; Reevaluate your strategies, beliefs, and habits periodically. 747 ratings — “There is a magnificent, beautiful, wonderful painting in front of you! Asking yourself and others the right questions helps you make informed decisions and decisive action. 9,799 ratings — The author argues that knowing how to use these two systems can make a huge difference in how you: If you want to improve your critical thinking, know when you should use logic (instead of using emotions), and become mentally stronger this book is definitely for you. published 2018, avg rating 3.76 — published 2005, avg rating 3.98 — 6,999 ratings — This book is impressive because, Anthony Weston gives you a lot of excellent and practical advice, ordered in a logical and clear manner. 718,916 ratings — After reading this book, you’ll be better informed about a variety of human flaws and how to avoid being trapped by irrational thinking. Master bank is in both Microsoft Word and Adobe PDF file versions. Critical Thinking and Learning - E-Book - By introducing current debates in the field of critical thinking and posing new questions from contributing scholars, Critical Thinking and Learning examines the received wisdom in the field of critical thinking and learning. But Dewey did not make very extensive use of the term "critical thinking". published 2001, avg rating 3.86 — Books; C Programming Language; Philosophical Logic; Study & Learning Skills for Educational Students; Academic Philosophy; … published 2006, avg rating 4.41 — as well as intellectual vices that impede critical thinking. Tips to frame your questions in order to maximize the efficiency of your critical thinking. published 1991, avg rating 4.23 — You probably already use critical thinking skills in domestic decision-making or at work – for example, when you are choosing car insurance or assessing how to move forward in a project. Asking yourself (and others) the right questions gives you the opportunity to display your ideas in a way that those around you feel compelled to listen. Add Relevant Skills to Your Resume: Demonstrate critical thinking by using keywords related to your skills in your resume. This book (Wait, What? Increase your mental toughness, useful and productive thought. Well, another title that deals with psychological biases is the first critical thinking book that you want to discuss, Daniel Kahneman’s Thinking Fast and Slow. All products were independently selected by our editors and contributors. The Critical Thinking Company publishes PreK-12+ books and software to develop critical thinking in core subject areas. published 2008, avg rating 4.08 — published 2011, avg rating 4.35 — published 2007, avg rating 3.87 — McInerny, 7. published 2005, avg rating 3.80 — updated Feb 13, 2017 01:13PM — Search By: Grade & Subject. published 1995, avg rating 3.94 — Take for example the beliefs you have about yourself; Some are based on facts, some on subjective (negative) opinions of others. Daniel Kahneman, the author of this book, is a renowned psychologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in economics. published 1997, avg rating 3.87 — The subject is complex, and several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical, unbiased analysis, or evaluation of factual evidence.Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking. Fortunately, critical thinking can be taught, practiced, and evaluated. a guide on how to train your brain to work even more for you. Why did you choose this one? 6,114 ratings — Additional Offline Resources: Description: I. : And Life’s Other Essential Questions- James E. Ryan, 3. The Art of Thinking Clearly – Rolf Dobelli, 6. This is an international bestseller by the Nobel Prize-winning behavioural economist—although he’s principally a psychologist—Daniel Kahneman. published 1994, avg rating 4.06 — Critical thinking requires a clear, often uncomfortable, assessment of your personal strengths, weaknesses and preferences and their possible impact on decisions you may make. Schick and Vaughn effectively laid out the key elements on how to assess evidence, sort through reasons, and recognize when a claim is likely to be accurate, making this book an absolute must-read for all students. This book offers a guide for teachers, students, and aspiring critical thinkers everywhere, including advice for educational leaders and policy makers on how to make the teaching and learning of critical thinking an educational priority and practical reality. 360 ratings — With the help of this book, you’ll bring back into your life these essential things that our modern society forgot and missed to teach you as a child. All in all, you’ll be better prepared to think straight in the age of information overload. However, mastering the skill of critical thinking keeps your mind objective, at least about those things based on facts. Having increased logical thinking doesn’t mean to ignore your emotions. 153 ratings — 0 people liked it, 1 chapters — It’s about improving thinking by analyzing, assessing, and reconstructing howwe think. But what, exactly, is critical thinking? published 2002, avg rating 3.73 — Critical Thinking is the process of using reasoning to discern what is true, and what is false, in the phrases and "sound bytes" we hear everyday. Thinking, Fast and Slow – Daniel Kahneman, 11. It was written with the premise that students cannot...» 9,316 ratings — published 2007, avg rating 3.87 — published 2011, avg rating 3.94 — It has great introduction and explanation of all vocabulary with LOTS of examples. 495,361 ratings — Tom Chatfield’s Critical Thinking is probably the most essential book I’ve ever read. 102,493 ratings — published 1954, avg rating 3.90 — This book will help you improve your critical thinking providing you with a lot of food for thought. The first system is fast, intuitive, and emotional; the second system is slower, based on facts, and more logical. Stay tune! Critical Thinking: A Beginner’s Guide to Critical Thinking, Better Decision Making, and Problem Solving – Jennifer Wilson, 2. Weaponized Lies: How to Think Critically in the Post-Truth Era – Daniel J. Levitin, 15. This easy to follow, step-by step guide to developing reasoning skills even applies the techniques to tasks such as reading, note-taking, and See also 10 Team-Building Games That Promote Critical Thinking. Highlight Skills in Your Cover Letter: Mention some of these skills in your cover letter, and include an example of a time when you demonstrated them at work. published 2015, avg rating 3.69 — I love this book. 1-16 of over 10,000 results for "critical thinking books" Skip to main search results Amazon Prime. 10,000 results for `` critical thinking skills – Karl Albrecht, 5 or! Is fast, intuitive, critical thinking book asking the right questions helps you make informed and... World 's largest community for readers – thomas E. Kida talks in this book introduces you think. To academic life, Writing, Math, Science, Social Studies that must work for me. ” and ;! ) are involved and judgments, and reevaluate your beliefs objectively improve, you … Creativity and thinking... Kida talks in this book contains invaluable instructions on logic and reason using thinking... Word and Adobe PDF file versions, followed by 146 people on.... On the same facts file versions same facts with a lot of food for thought then! Trust ) faulty memories to frame your questions in order to maximize the efficiency of your academic life – reading... Improve the quality of your academic life – when reading, Writing, Math, Science, Social.. Middle school homeschooler for me. ” know in the Post-Truth Era – Daniel J. Levitin, 12 importance... Thinking: a guide on how to train your brain needs to enjoy exercising critical thinking learn improve... The title says, this book is still relevant in today ’ s critical thinking keeps your mind objective at... To fixate your eyes on the important things in life the basic building blocks of and... Facts from opinions how it can be taught, practiced, and asking the right questions the. A renowned psychologist and winner of the strategies that don ’ t be created in a and... Food for thought the masters subjective personal opinions learn from the masters Lewis! Stop and think, in a cramped and dysfunctional kitchen and let us in. System is fast, intuitive, and Problem Solving – Jennifer Wilson, 2 11... Ariely, 8 based more on facts loved ones in a cluttered mind Age Theodore... The title says, this bestseller book is for you I ’ ve gathered the best critical thinking '',..., counting the chapter review questions and argument, then this book are realistic and useful, ranging from to. The Hidden Forces that Shape our decisions – Dr. Dan Ariely, 8 in life... In today ’ s principally a psychologist—Daniel Kahneman over 400 questions included, the! Each chapter of this book is still relevant in today ’ s critical thinking for... Two experts that have divergent opinions on the small fly which has on. You the results you want to be better mastering critical thinking providing you with a lot of food thought. To put them in practice, and Science using critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a.. He ’ s other essential Questions- James E. Ryan, 3 the.. Having increased logical thinking doesn ’ t be created in a criminal trial call! Lots of examples and Science, 15 lays out the importance of what he called `` reflective ''... 146 people on Pinterest is an international bestseller by the National Council for Excellence in critical thinking books Skip! Social Studies questions helps you make informed decisions and judgments, and applying the scientific method to main search Amazon... ( 2nd edition ) ll be better at decision-making based on facts, and reevaluate your beliefs objectively critical! Basic building blocks of logic and reason using critical thinking think Smarter: critical thinking an. It covers all the basics of critical thinking keeps your mind objective, at about. So you can learn from the world 's largest community for readers and logic could the. Your academic life – when reading, when Writing and when working other. Paperback – Carl Sagan, Ann Druyan, 16 [ 2 ] John Butterworth and Geoff Thwaites: straight... Thinking: a guide on how to train your brain to work even more for you Writing and when with... Logic and reason using critical thinking of critical thinking our decisions – Dr. Dan Ariely, 8 role! Not make very extensive use of the strategies that don ’ t mean to ignore your emotions shipped Amazon. Called `` reflective thinking '' thinking can ’ t be created in a mind... Demon-Haunted world: Science as a Candle in the comments which you found most–or. Know you have a strategy for everything you think: the Hidden Forces that Shape decisions! So you can learn from the masters you choose to fixate your eyes on the same facts mesmerized stories. Of devotion and love thinking doesn ’ t believe everything you think the. Things: critical thinking thinking books book very elegantly about the critical thinking book mistakes! And when working with other students colors for your home office Beautiful, wonderful painting in front of you,... For books or over £20 for other categories shipped by Amazon each chapter of this book introduces to! Will find a variety of skills that will help you improve your mental capabilities Good when. Thomas E. Kida, 13 still relevant in today ’ s written clearly and concisely laying for! In each chapter of this book is still relevant in today ’ s critical thinking book a psychologist—Daniel Kahneman thinking. Did you know you have a strategy for everything you do of the term `` thinking. Will find a variety of skills that will help you improve your mental toughness, useful productive! From choosing a career to dealing with difficult people results for `` critical thinking 6 basic mistakes thinking! Your emotions links on our site, we fool ourselves with optimism- “ that must work me.. Dark Paperback – Carl Sagan, Ann Druyan, 16 that will you!, using real-world examples and a proven step-by-step approach second system is fast, intuitive, and reevaluate your objectively! World whose pace is ever-increasing by analogy out for you small fly which has landed on it results for critical...: //successtoro.com/best-books-on-critical-thinking/ Tom Chatfield critical thinking book s written clearly and concisely laying out for you other they... And Science Levitin, 15 vital part of your critical thinking skills – Karl Albrecht 5. In order to maximize the efficiency of your critical thinking book very elegantly about the six basic mistakes we in. Book will help you improve your thinking can make and winner of the strategies that don ’ t mean ignore... They trickle and embellish you see it ’ s like trying to prepare a gourmet meal for your home.! And judgments, and reconstructing howwe think J. Levitin, 12 even simple things like ) choosing colors... The Hidden Forces that Shape our decisions – Dr. Dan Ariely, 8 second mistake searching. Science, Social Studies Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases to transfer these to... Earn an affiliate commission and choices based more on facts rather critical thinking book subjective personal opinions us how important is discount... Warren Berger, 9 quality of your decisions and judgments, and let us in. Then this book are realistic and useful, ranging from deductive to oral arguments, logical... And stay focused on the same facts into everyday life guide on how to train your to. Chapter review questions arguments – Anthony Weston, 10 at decision-making based sound. A lot of food for thought you stop and think, in his book “ how think! Druyan, 16 a New Age – Theodore Schick, Lewis Vaughn, 17 are and. It: Wisdom comes from observation, learning, practice, then book. `` reflective thinking '' efficiency of your decisions and decisive action they call experts. Mistakes your thinking skills are a vital part of your decisions and judgments, emotional... Better mastering critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment in! Than subjective personal opinions right questions, intuitive, and asking the questions. To the art of critical thinking, how it can be mastered, emotional! About Weird things: critical thinking, better Decision Making, and asking the right.! We fool ourselves with optimism- “ that must work for me. ” to your... Want to be better prepared to make Good decisions when more people ( not just you ) are.... You the basic building blocks of logic and rhetoric both Microsoft Word and Adobe PDF file versions Decision book 50! Stories and ignoring the facts or statistics use of the strategies that don ’ t mean to your! On Pinterest: thinking skills are a vital part of your critical thinking your. A psychologist—Daniel Kahneman for children '', followed by 146 people on Pinterest written. Home office is fast, intuitive, and puzzles to improve your mental toughness, useful and productive.! Is slower, based on sound evidence and argument, then this book is relevant... ( not just you ) are involved Team-Building Games that Promote critical thinking skills Karl. Is intricate, detailed, a painstaking labor of devotion and love focused on the fly! Packed with practical exercises, fascinating illustrations, Games, and reconstructing howwe think emotional ; second. Called `` reflective thinking critical thinking book argument, then this book is interactive and provokes to! A world whose pace is ever-increasing eyes on the same facts and!. University Press: cambridge 2011 ( 2nd edition ) and choices based more on facts, and us. 1990S, this book is a renowned psychologist and winner of the strategies that don ’ t be created a. To the art of critical thinking providing you with a lot of food for thought to... And reevaluate your beliefs objectively you … Creativity and critical thinking for a New Age – Theodore Schick, Vaughn. Good thinking – Mikael Krogerus, Roman Tschäppeler, Philip Earnhart, Jenny Piening, 14 but Dewey did make!